快速存取Web API的好幫手 - HttpClient類別

HttpClient類別範例補充

我們之前就介紹過HttpClient類別,在準備twMVC#8 Web API課程我又把範例改寫了一下,主要是進行ASP.NET Web API的服務存取及存取其他網路上Web API服務。

HttpClient類別存取Web API範例

以下是一個主控台應用程式。

  Imports System.Net.Http
  Imports System.Net.Http.Headers

  Module Module1

      ''' <summary>
      ''' 取得指定uri裡的Source資源
      ''' </summary>
      ''' <param name="uri">Uri</param>
      ''' <param name="source">資源</param>
      Private Function GetResource(uri As String, source As String) As HttpResponseMessage
          Dim client As New HttpClient()
          Dim response As HttpResponseMessage = Nothing
          ' 資源在這裡
          client.BaseAddress = New Uri(uri)
          ' 指定格式
          ' client.DefaultRequestHeaders.Accept.Add(New MediaTypeWithQualityHeaderValue("application/xml"))
          client.DefaultRequestHeaders.Accept.Add(New MediaTypeWithQualityHeaderValue("application/json"))

          Console.WriteLine(source)
          Console.ReadLine()
          response = client.GetAsync(source).Result()

          Return response
      End Function

      Private Sub ShowProducts(response As HttpResponseMessage)
          ' 狀態碼 200,才執行
          If response.IsSuccessStatusCode Then
              Dim products = response.Content.ReadAsAsync(Of IEnumerable(Of Product))().Result()

              Console.Clear()
              For Each p In products
                  Console.WriteLine("Id:{0}, Name:{1}, Price: {2}", p.ProductID, p.ProductName, p.UnitPrice)
              Next
              Console.ReadLine()
          Else
              ShowErrorMessage(response)
          End If
      End Sub

      ''' <summary>
      ''' 成功,顯示產品資料
      ''' 失敗,顯示錯誤訊息
      ''' </summary>
      Private Sub ShowProduct(response As HttpResponseMessage)
          If response.IsSuccessStatusCode Then
              Dim product = response.Content.ReadAsAsync(Of Product).Result()
              Console.Clear()
              Console.WriteLine("Id:{0}, Name:{1}, Price: {2}", product.ProductID, product.ProductName, product.UnitPrice)
              Console.ReadLine()
          Else
              ShowErrorMessage(response)
          End If
      End Sub

      Private Async Sub ShowBankInfomation()
          Dim uri As String = "http://api.worldbank.org/countries?format=json"
          Await ShowNetworkAPI(uri)
      End Sub

      Private Async Sub ShowTwitter()
          Dim uri As String = "http://search.twitter.com/search.json?q=kkbruce&rpp=5&include_entities=true&result_type=mixed"
          Await ShowNetworkAPI(uri)
      End Sub

      Private Async Sub showGoogleGeocode()
          Dim uri As String = "http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/geocode/json?address=台北市羅斯福路4段85號&sensor=false"
          Await ShowNetworkAPI(uri)
      End Sub

      ''' <summary>
      ''' 使用非同步的存取
      ''' </summary>
      ''' <param name="uri">要存取的uri資源</param>
      Private Async Function ShowNetworkAPI(uri As String) As Task
          Dim client As New HttpClient()
          Dim response As HttpResponseMessage = Await client.GetAsync(uri)
          response.EnsureSuccessStatusCode()

          Dim content As String = Await response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync()
          Console.Clear()
          Console.WriteLine(content)
          Console.ReadLine()
      End Function

      Private Sub ShowErrorMessage(ByVal response As HttpResponseMessage)
          Console.WriteLine("{0}  ({1})", CType(response.StatusCode, Integer), response.ReasonPhrase)
      End Sub

      Sub Main()

          ' 全部產品
          Dim Products As HttpResponseMessage = GetResource("http://localhost:9527/", "api/Products")
          ShowProducts(Products)

          ' 某一id產品
          Console.WriteLine("請輸入要查詢的產品編號(id):")
          Dim id As String = Console.ReadLine()
          ' 注意,Fiddler要開啟,不然會產生意外
          Dim ProductById As HttpResponseMessage = GetResource("http://localhost.fiddler:9527/", "api/Products" & "/" & id)
          ShowProduct(ProductById)

          ' 取得外部Web API
          ShowBankInfomation()
          ShowTwitter()
          showGoogleGeocode()

          Console.ReadLine()
          Console.WriteLine("bye bye.")
      End Sub
  End Module
  

一個是存取ASP.NET Web API的服務,一個是存取外部Web API的服務。透過HttpClient類別的幫忙,可以在.NET應用程式快速去存取Web API服務。

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